The different kinds of non woven fabrics and how they are classified
Release Date：2023-05-31 14:04
Non-woven fabrics are widely used in various industries for their unique properties and versatility. They are classified into different types based on their manufacturing processes and characteristics. In this informative SEO article, we will explore the various types of non-woven fabrics, their production methods, and their applications. By understanding these classifications, you will gain valuable insights into the diverse world of non-woven fabrics.
Section 1: Spunlaced Non-Woven Fabrics
Spunlaced non-woven fabrics, also known as hydroentangled or water-jet entangled fabrics, are produced by high-pressure water jets that intertwine fibers, providing strength and stability. This method creates fabrics with excellent absorbency and softness, making them ideal for applications such as wipes, medical products, and filtration materials.
Section 2: Thermal Bonded Non-Woven Fabrics
Thermal bonded non-woven fabrics involve adding fiber-shaped or powdered thermoplastic bonding materials to the web of fibers. The fabric is then heated, melted, and cooled to form a solid structure. These fabrics exhibit good strength and stability and are commonly used in applications such as geotextiles, automotive interiors, and construction materials.
Section 3: Air-Laid Non-Woven Fabrics
Air-laid non-woven fabrics, also known as dry-laid fabrics, are produced by loosening wood pulp fibers into individual states and then using air to form a web on a mesh belt. The web is subsequently bonded to create a fabric. Air-laid fabrics offer high absorbency, softness, and bulk, making them suitable for applications such as hygiene products, insulation materials, and cleaning wipes.
Section 4: Wet Laid Non-Woven Fabrics
Wet-laid non-woven fabrics involve dispersing fibers in a water medium to form a fiber suspension. The suspension is then conveyed onto a forming screen and dewatered to create a web, which is subsequently consolidated to form a fabric. Wet-laid fabrics are commonly used in applications such as battery separators, medical dressings, and filtration media.
Section 5: Spunbond Non-Woven Fabrics
Spunbond non-woven fabrics are manufactured by extruding molten polymer through spinnerets to form continuous filaments. These filaments are then laid down on a conveyor belt, bonded together, and cooled to create a fabric. Spunbond fabrics are known for their strength, durability, and breathability, making them suitable for applications such as hygiene products, agriculture, and packaging materials.
Section 6: Meltblown Non-Woven Fabrics
Meltblown nonwoven fabrics are produced by extruding molten polymer through fine nozzles to form microfibers that are randomly deposited on a conveyor belt. The fibers are then bonded to create a fabric with high filtration efficiency and barrier properties. Meltblown fabrics are widely used in medical masks, air filtration, and oil sorbents.
Non-woven fabrics encompass a wide range of types, each with its unique characteristics and applications. By understanding the classifications discussed in this article, you now have a comprehensive overview of the various types of non-woven fabrics. Whether it's for hygiene products, filtration, construction, or other industries, the right choice of non-woven fabric can significantly impact the performance and functionality of your products.
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