Methods for Selecting Sanding Belts

Release Date:2023-06-26 14:25

Choosing the right abrasive belt is crucial not only for achieving optimal grinding efficiency but also for considering the belt's lifespan. The selection process relies on the conditions of the grinding process, including the characteristics of the workpiece, grinding machine condition, performance and technical requirements of the workpiece, and production efficiency. Additionally, it is essential to consider the specific characteristics of the abrasive belt itself. This article aims to provide an industry-focused guide on the methods of purchasing abrasive belts, including their range of applications and factors to consider during selection.


I. Range of  Applications for Abrasive Belts:

1. Woodworking Industry: Original wooden boards, particle boards, fiberboard, plywood, veneered boards, furniture, building materials, and others.

2. Metalworking Industry: Non-ferrous metals and ferrous metals.

3. Other Industries: Ceramics, leather, fibers, paints, plastics, rubber products, stone, and more.


II. Selection of Abrasive Belts:

1. Grit Size Selection:

The choice of grit size depends on both grinding efficiency and the desired surface finish. Different work-piece materials require specific ranges of grit sizes for coarse, medium, and fine grinding. The following table outlines the recommended grit size ranges for various work-piece materials and grinding methods:

Work-piece Material    Coarse Grinding    Medium Grinding    Fine Grinding    Grinding Method

Steel                               24-60                     80-120                   150                    Dry/Wet Grinding

Non-ferrous Metals       24-60                     80-150                   180                    Dry/Wet Grinding

Wood                            36-80                     100-150                  180-240            Dry Grinding

Glass                             60-80-100-120      100-150                   180                   Wet Grinding

Paint                             80-150                   180-240                   280                   Dry/Wet Grinding

Leather                         46-60                     80-150                    180                   Dry Grinding

Rubber                        16-46                      60-120                    150                   Dry Grinding

Plastic                          36-60                     100-150                   180                  Wet Grinding

Ceramics                     36-60                     100-150                   180                  Wet Grinding

Stone                          36-60                     100-150                   180                  Wet Grinding


2. Bond Selection:

Abrasive belts can be classified into four types based on the bond: animal glue belts (commonly known as dry grinding belts), semi-resin belts, full-resin belts, and water-resistant belts.

Selecting the appropriate abrasive belt is crucial for achieving optimal grinding results and extending the belt's lifespan. Considering the specific conditions of the grinding process and the characteristics of the work-piece materials is essential for making an informed decision. By understanding the range of applications and factors, professionals can effectively select abrasive belts that offer improved grinding efficiency, superior surface finishes, and increased longevity. With suitable abrasive belts, industries can enhance productivity, ensure precision, and maintain high-quality standards in their grinding processes.

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