Brown corundum production process

Release Date:2023-07-07 10:46

Brown corundum, also known as brown aluminum oxide, is a widely used abrasive material known for its hardness and durability. Understanding the production process of brown corundum is essential for individuals involved in its manufacturing or for those interested in its properties. In this article, we will explore the step-by-step process involved in the production of brown corundum.

1. Raw Material Selection:

The production of brown corundum starts with the careful selection of high-quality raw materials. Typically, bauxite ore, containing aluminum hydroxide, serves as the primary source. The bauxite ore is chosen for its aluminum oxide content, which is a crucial component in producing corundum.

2. Crushing and Grinding:

After the raw materials have been selected, they undergo a crushing and grinding process. This step aims to reduce the size of the raw materials and create a uniform particle distribution. Various crushers and mills are used to achieve the desired particle size, ensuring optimal efficiency in subsequent stages.

3. Calcination:

Calcination is a vital process that involves heating the crushed and ground raw materials to high temperatures. Typically, temperatures range between 1300°C and 1600°C in a rotary kiln or electric furnace. During calcination, the bauxite ore undergoes a series of chemical reactions that result in the removal of impurities and the transformation of aluminum hydroxide into alumina (aluminum oxide).


4. Fusion:

The calcined alumina, obtained from the previous step, is mixed with additional mineralizers and binders to enhance the final product's characteristics. The mixture is then placed in electric arc furnaces, where it undergoes fusion at temperatures exceeding 2000°C. The intense heat causes the alumina to melt and react with the added mineralizers, resulting in the formation of brown corundum.

5. Cooling and Crushing:

Once the fusion process is complete, the molten material is rapidly cooled and solidified. The solidified mass is then crushed into the desired grain sizes using crushers and mills. This step allows for the customization of the brown corundum's particle size, making it suitable for various applications such as abrasive blasting, grinding, or polishing.

6. Magnetic Separation and Sieving:

To ensure the purity and consistency of the final product, the crushed brown corundum undergoes magnetic separation and sieving processes. Magnetic separators remove any magnetic impurities, while sieves separate the corundum into different particle sizes as per industry requirements.

7. Packaging and Distribution:

The last step involves packaging the brown corundum into appropriate containers for storage and distribution. The packaged product is then ready for delivery to customers who utilize it in various industrial applications.

The production process of brown corundum involves careful selection of raw materials, crushing and grinding, calcination, fusion, cooling and crushing, magnetic separation, sieving, and packaging. Each step plays a crucial role in obtaining high-quality brown corundum with desired characteristics. By understanding this process, individuals can appreciate the craftsmanship behind brown corundum and its significance in industrial applications.

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