Factors Affecting the Normal Use of Grinding Wheels

Release Date:2023-07-07 10:51

Grinding wheels play a vital role in various industries for cutting, shaping, and polishing applications. To ensure optimal grinding performance and prolong the lifespan of grinding wheels, it is crucial to adhere to certain precautions during their usage. In this article, we will discuss the key factors that affect the normal use of grinding wheels, emphasizing the importance of following proper procedures and maintenance practices.

1. Grinding Wheel Speed:

The maximum operating linear speed is specified on the label of each grinding wheel. Before use, it is essential to confirm that the spindle speed of the machine is within the range of the grinding wheel's linear speed. Simply checking the motor speed is not sufficient; the speed ratio of the belt pulley should also be calculated.

Operators should exercise caution when using machines with variable speed settings, ensuring that the speed is not set higher than the grinding wheel's linear speed.

2. Adherence to Operational Standards:

Operators sometimes deviate from prescribed operational procedures, compromising the integrity of the grinding process. For example, the feed rate may be increased to meet production targets, causing excessive stress on the grinding wheel. This can result in workpiece burn and affect the hardness and overall quality of the finished product, even if no visible signs of burn are apparent.

3. Diamond Dressers:

The angle between the diamond dresser and the grinding wheel's normal line should be maintained at 15 degrees. The diamond dresser should be periodically rotated to maintain its sharpness. If the dresser becomes dull, it should be promptly replaced. Continuing to dress the grinding wheel with a dull diamond dresser will adversely affect the quality of the grinding process.


4. Machine Maintenance:

Regular maintenance is essential for the proper functioning of grinding machines. Neglecting routine maintenance to cut costs can lead to sub-optimal machine performance. Declining spindle accuracy or excessive bearing wear are examples of machine conditions that can adversely affect grinding operations.

5. Workpiece Stability:

Workpiece instability, characterized by inconsistent dimensional allowances and varying hardness after heat treatment, can impact grinding operations. Ensuring proper workpiece stability is crucial for achieving consistent grinding results.

6. Reliability of Cooling Systems:

Occasionally, users may notice scratches on the workpiece surface during grinding operations. In addition to impurities in the abrasive grains, filtration is a critical aspect of the cooling system. Inadequate filtration can result in the re-circulation of metal debris, causing surface scratches on the workpiece. Furthermore, the flow rate of the coolant directly affects the grinding efficiency and should be optimized.

Furthermore, it is important to consider the following precautions during storage, handling, and installation of grinding wheels:

- Proper storage conditions, including ventilation and moisture control, especially for resin and rubber grinding wheels. Additionally, the shelf life of resin and rubber grinding wheels should not exceed two years.

- Careful handling to avoid collisions that may lead to chipped edges. Operating grinding wheels with chipped edges can be extremely dangerous. Therefore, adherence to proper handling techniques is crucial.

- During installation, handle grinding wheels with care and tighten the flange nuts diagonally, gradually increasing the tightness.

To ensure the optimal performance and longevity of grinding wheels, it is essential to consider the various factors that affect their normal use. Adhering to recommended operational standards, conducting regular machine maintenance, ensuring workpiece stability, and optimizing cooling systems are vital for achieving reliable and efficient grinding processes. By following these guidelines and precautions, users can maximize the effectiveness of grinding wheels, resulting in high-quality workpieces and increased productivity.

Share to: