The Applications of Gelatin in Abrasive Cloth and Sandpaper Production

Release Date:2023-07-14 10:27

Gelatin, a low to medium-grade industrial adhesive, plays a crucial role in the manufacturing process of abrasive cloth and sandpaper. Its exceptional strength, flexibility, and gelling properties make it an ideal choice as a binding agent. The production of abrasive cloth and sandpaper involves coating the chosen fabric or paper with a mixture of gelatin and starch, increasing its thickness and strength. Subsequently, a layer of adhesive is applied and abrasive particles are sprinkled onto it. Before drying, a thin layer of diluted adhesive is added to secure the sand particles in place. The product is then gradually dried to completion. The concentration of the adhesive solution typically ranges from 25% to 40%, with an ideal temperature of 60°C during the coating process. Fillers and additives can also be incorporated. The concentration of the diluted adhesive used for fabric or paper coating and subsequent sand sprinkling is generally around 10% to 15%. When manufacturing polishing wheels, multiple layers of abrasive particles can be applied using the same method, but the outermost layer does not require the additional diluted adhesive. Polishing wheels should be dried for 4-8 hours at a temperature of 35°C and a relative humidity of 40% to ensure optimal performance and longevity.

The Gelatin in the Manufacture of Abrasive Cloth and Sandpaper:

Gelatin, derived from animal collagen, possesses unique properties that make it an excellent adhesive in the production of abrasive cloth and sandpaper. Its application provides the following benefits:

1. Strength and Flexibility:

Gelatin exhibits remarkable strength and flexibility, allowing it to effectively bind abrasive particles to the fabric or paper substrate. This ensures the durability and longevity of the abrasive material during use.

2. Gelatin Properties:

The gelling ability of gelatin enables it to form a solid and stable matrix when combined with starch or other additives. This matrix enhances the cohesion of abrasive particles, preventing premature shedding or detachment from the cloth or paper.


Manufacturing Process:

The manufacturing process for abrasive cloth and sandpaper involves several key steps:

1. Gluing and Coating:

The fabric or paper substrate is coated with a mixture of gelatin and starch, providing increased thickness and strength to withstand the abrasive forces. The adhesive solution's concentration is carefully controlled to ensure optimal bonding and adhesive properties.

2. Application of Abrasive Particles:

After gluing, a layer of adhesive is applied, and abrasive particles are evenly sprinkled onto the surface. The size and type of abrasive particles used depend on the desired abrasive properties and application requirements.

3. Final Adhesive Coating:

To secure the abrasive particles in place, a diluted adhesive solution is applied over the layer of particles. This final coating ensures the particles remain fixed during subsequent handling and use.

4. Drying Process:

The coated fabric or paper is then subjected to a controlled drying process. This step is crucial to ensure the adhesive cures properly and the abrasive particles are firmly bonded. Drying conditions, such as temperature and humidity, are carefully controlled to optimize the final product's quality and performance.

Gelatin, with its exceptional adhesive properties, is widely used in the manufacture of abrasive cloth and sandpaper. Its strength, flexibility, and gelling ability contribute to the production of durable and effective abrasive materials. By understanding the application of gelatin and following precise manufacturing processes, manufacturers can produce high-quality abrasive products that meet the diverse needs of various industries.

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