Overview of Grinding with Superhard Abrasive Grinding Wheels

Release Date:2023-08-16 10:29

Superhard Abrasive grinding wheel grinding refers to the process of using diamond grinding wheels and cubic boron nitride (CBN) grinding wheels to machine high-hardness, high-brittleness materials such as hard alloys, ceramics, glass, semiconductor materials, and stone. This method stands out for its exceptional characteristics:

1. Strong Grinding Capability and High Wear Resistance

Superhard Abrasive grinding wheels exhibit robust grinding capabilities and exceptional wear resistance, making them ideal for precision machining applications. The high wear resistance ensures extended tool life, enabling efficient and precise machining of various materials. Additionally, the consistent performance of Superhard Abrasive grinding wheels facilitates the control of machining dimensions and the implementation of automated processes.

2. Low Grinding Force and Excellent Surface Quality

Superhard Abrasive grinding wheel grinding exerts minimal grinding force, resulting in low grinding temperatures and exceptional surface quality. The process minimizes the risk of burn marks, cracks, and alterations to material structure. For instance, when grinding hard alloys using diamond grinding wheels, the grinding force is only about one-fourth to one-fifth that of green silicon carbide grinding wheels.

3. High Grinding Efficiency

Superhard Abrasive grinding wheels demonstrate high metal removal rates, especially when machining hard alloys and non-metallic brittle materials. While diamond grinding wheels exhibit superior metal removal rates for hard alloys, CBN grinding wheels outperform diamond wheels when machining heat-resistant steels, titanium alloys, and mold steels.

4. Cost-Effective Machining

Despite the relatively higher cost of diamond and CBN grinding wheels, their prolonged tool life and high machining efficiency result in a lower overall cost of operation. The combination of extended tool life and superior metal removal rates makes Superhard Abrasive grinding wheel grinding a cost-effective solution for various machining needs.

Superhard Abrasive Grinding Wheel Grinding Process

The Superhard Abrasive grinding wheel grinding process involves several key aspects:

1. Grinding Wheel Selection

Choosing the appropriate grinding wheel type (diamond or CBN) and specifications (grit size, concentration, bond type) is crucial for achieving the desired machining results. The choice depends on the material being machined, the required surface finish, and the machining conditions.

2. Grinding Fluids

Grinding fluids play a significant role in the life of Superhard Abrasive grinding wheels and the quality of machined surfaces. For resin-bonded Superhard Abrasive grinding wheels, wet grinding with suitable grinding fluids can increase wheel life by approximately 40%. It is essential to use lubricating, cooling, cleaning, and penetrating properties in grinding fluids to ensure effective machining.

Superhard Abrasive Grinding Wheel Dressing

Dressing Superhard Abrasive grinding wheels is a critical step that involves shaping and sharpening the grinding wheel to maintain its cutting efficiency and surface finish. The process comprises two main steps: shaping and sharpening.

1. Shaping

Shaping involves achieving the desired geometric shape and profile of the grinding wheel. Methods of shaping include turning, grinding, roll pressing, jetting, electrical discharge machining (EDM), and ultrasonic vibration dressing.

2. Sharpening

Sharpening entails removing the bond material between abrasive grains to expose the cutting edges of the abrasive grains. This process ensures that the grinding wheel remains sharp and capable of effectively removing material. Various methods, including turning, grinding, roll pressing, jetting, EDM, and ultrasonic vibration dressing, can be employed for sharpening Superhard Abrasive grinding wheels.

Superhard Abrasive grinding wheel grinding is a versatile and efficient method for machining high-hardness, high-brittleness materials. With its strong grinding capabilities, low grinding force, high efficiency, and excellent surface quality, Superhard Abrasive grinding wheel grinding has become an essential process in modern manufacturing industries. The careful selection of grinding wheel type and specifications, along with proper grinding fluids and effective wheel dressing techniques, ensures optimal machining performance and cost-effective operations. As technology continues to advance, Superhard Abrasive grinding wheel grinding is expected to play a crucial role in meeting the demands of precision machining and achieving high-quality surface finishes across various applications.

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