Introduction to mechanical wire brushing methods

Release Date:2023-09-15 14:46

Mechanical wire brushing is a common surface finishing technique used in various industries. This process involves creating linear patterns on the surface of a workpiece. Below we will explore different mechanical wire brushing methods, their applications, advantages, and specific considerations for each technique.

1. Flat Press Sand Belt Brushing

Flat press brushing is a widely used method where the workpiece is secured onto a mold. A high-speed rotating sand belt, equipped with a pneumatically controlled pressure block on its back, is used to press against the surface of the workpiece, creating the wire brushing effect. This method is suitable for small, flat surfaces, making it ideal for applications like the surface treatment of digital camera casings and mobile phone shells. The resulting pattern is typically continuous and straight. However, due to the generation of heat during the process, this method is best suited for small surface areas to prevent warping, especially for thin-walled components.

2. Non-Woven Roller Brush Brushing

This method involves conveying the workpiece through a non-woven roller brush, which spins at high speed to create the wire brushing effect. The brush can either vibrate or remain stationary during the process, producing different lengths of wire patterns. This technique is increasingly used in industries such as notebook manufacturing for magnesium/aluminum alloy panels and keyboard plates, as well as for phone LCD frames, battery covers, camera protection plates, and camera lens sliding covers.

The advantages of the roller brush brushing method include:

1. Suitable for large surface areas without generating excessive heat due to the line contact approach.

2. Allows for curved surfaces and small protrusions like text-markings due to the excellent conformability of the non-woven roller brush.

3. Enables continuous operation, enhancing production efficiency.

4. Offers two brushing effects (continuous and discontinuous patterns) using a single brush. The resulting patterns have a distinct visual appeal.


3. Wide Sand Belt brushing

This is a traditional method for flat surface wire brushing, particularly suitable for sheet metal processing. In this process, the workpiece is conveyed through a high-speed rotating sand belt. This method is commonly used to create wire-drawn semi-finished products from materials like stainless steel and aluminum alloys, which are later used in products such as elevator doors and counters. The resulting pattern is typically fine and short, resembling a snowflake pattern.

4. Centerless Grinding brushing

This method utilizes centerless grinding to achieve wire brushing. Non-woven wire brushing wheels or sand belts are employed for this process. It is suitable for cylindrical workpieces like handles and grips. The resulting wire pattern is typically short, with its length dependent on factors such as rotational speeds.

Mechanical wire brushing methods offer versatile options for achieving specific surface finishes. Each technique has its unique advantages and applications, catering to various industries and workpiece requirements. Understanding these methods allows for the collection selection based on project specifications and ensures high-quality results.

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